• Brigitte Granger

Ghosting: The Spooky Social Phenomenon That’s Haunting the Digital World

An empty desk with text message overlay of someone saying "Hey, How's it going" "Are we still on for tonight" and "just checking in case you missed my message earlier..."

Here’s a scary scenario.

You’re communicating with someone via text message or email. It’s going well and then, suddenly, they don’t respond to your question. An hour goes by. Then a day. Then several days. You send another message. Still no reply.

You just got ghosted.

Ghosting is when a person cuts off communication with no warning or explanation. They just don’t respond. They disappear.

Ghosts don’t only exist in horror movies anymore. They haunt nearly type of relationship: personal, romantic, and even professional. The thought that ghosting has become a social norm in our digital communications is pretty darn terrifying (to me at least).

And like a horror story, being ghosted has the impact of keeping you up at night.

In full transparency, I’ve ghosted before. I’m sure you have too. The point of this article is to explore why ghosting is hurtful, why it happens, and to encourage us all to be better. I'll also share give tips on what to do when you’re a victim of someone else’s disappearing act.

Why ghosting hurts

At the very least, ghosting is discourteous.

When the person who gets ghosted suddenly stops getting a reply, they’re left wondering, “Did I say something wrong?” “Are they mad at me?” “Did something awful happen?”

There is no closure or explanation.

Getting blown off is one of the worst forms of rejection. Why? Because it feels like the person blowing you off didn’t care enough to tell you that they didn't want to continue the conversation. At worst, it suggests a blatant disregard for another person’s time or attention. Some might say ghosting is passive-aggressive or downright disrespectful.

Maybe rejection wasn’t the intent (possible reasons for why people ghost are listed below). But, in the words of Molière, a famous French playwright,

“It is not only what we do, but also what we do not do, for which we are accountable.”

Inaction is a choice. Not replying is a choice. It has consequences. It can be hurtful.

And if you’ve been telling yourself otherwise, it’s time to face the truth. You may be being kind to yourself by ignoring someone’s outreach, but you’re not being kind to the person you’re ghosting.

Now, if you’re thinking back to a time when you've ghosting in the past and are feeling guilty, know this: at some point, everyone has probably ghosted someone, whether intentionally or not, myself included.

Even though most of us have done it, however, it does NOT mean we should just accept it as a way of treating each other.

Why people ghost

Context is of course everything. A lot of articles on ghosting discuss it in terms of dating, so I’m going to focus on ghosting in the context of non-romantic relationships and even acquaintances.

Broadly speaking, there are three main reasons why people ghost:

  1. To avoid an uncomfortable situation

  2. Forgetfulness

  3. A legitimate excuse

Let’s discuss each.

1. Avoiding uncomfortable situations.

A lot of times, ghosting is the result of someone avoiding vulnerability of some kind. For example, you might feel nervous when you need tell someone disappointing news. Or, you may be anxious if you have to be honest about something. Or, simply not knowing how exactly to say something can be a cause of discomfort.

Brené Brown, author of Daring Greatly, defines vulnerability as, “uncertainty, risk, and emotional exposure.”

No doubt, vulnerability is uncomfortable. People don’t like being uncomfortable. So instead, we avoid it at all costs.

The problem with avoiding discomfort is twofold: 1) we miss an opportunity to be courageous and build important character and communication skills; and 2) by avoiding bad feelings for oneself, one is creating bad feelings for the recipient.

Because the recipient will eventually give up and stop trying to contact the ghost, the ghost doesn’t have to deal with the potentially uncomfortable conversation that may have resulted in the first place. By dodging the discomfort and missing the opportunity to overcome a difficult situation, the ghost feels great relief.

Now that ghost is even more likely to continue the ghosting behavior because they are even less equipped to have a difficult conversation. Also, they've learned that the way to handle it is to avoid uncomfortable social scenarios at all costs.

Social anxiety is exactly this: the avoiding of social situations because of the stress or panic that results from the discomfort of social situations. It’s a vicious cycle, because a key way to overcome social anxiety is to be vulnerable and participate in more social situations.

In a cruel twist of irony, ghosting itself causes anxiety. The person who is ghosted is often left wondering, “What did I do wrong? Should I have done...? What if they thought…?” Now that the ghosting victim is questioning their own social prowess, they may become less likely to be vulnerable and more likely to ghost someone else the next time a situation becomes uncomfortable.

It’s almost as if ghosting is contagious.

2. Forgetfulness

Everybody, at some point, forgets something. Life gets busy, other things take priority, and we get distracted to the point of letting things slip.

Some people are more forgetful than others, especially when it comes to online communication. They want to respond thoughtfully, so they put off responding to the point that they forget to reply entirely. They forget to check their messages, and by the time they do check, the opportunity to reply has passed. All of these can result in ghosting.

At the other end of the spectrum, some individuals intentionally create boundaries for their time and attention by limiting their usage of devices.

Don’t get me wrong; setting boundaries is an admirable and often-necessary self-care endeavor. However, fostering relationships is important for self-care too. An key part of personal growth and emotional intelligence is following through on your commitments and showing up for others. It’s a balance.

Forgetfulness and flakiness is even more accepted in today's digital age where there is little to no consequence for not showing up. Unlike standing someone up in person, if you don’t respond to messages, there’s little risk that you’ll accidentally run into someone again. So not responding seemingly poses little risk to one's reputation, again reinforcing the ghosting behavior.

We’re so used to instant gratification that the concept of nurturing relationships and making others feels seen by way of responding is painstaking. And so, people flake.

But at what cost?

3. A legitimate excuse

Although it’s hard to imagine, virtual communication isn’t everyone’s top priority. Sometimes people have other things going on. And many times, there is a perfectly legitimate reason not to respond.

Maybe their phone broke or was stolen. Perhaps a family emergency arose. Maybe they’re experiencing a mental or physical health issue.

We’ve all had “one of those days” where things don’t go as planned. Think about the last time you were having one of those days. Isn't there almost always at least one person who shows you some grace by sharing a smile, holding the elevator, letting you go first in line?

I try my best to be that person.

That being said, there also comes a time when you can and should move on, even if someone has a good reason for ghosting.

What to do when someone ghosts you

When someone is ghosting you, you probably feel frustrated. You are probably tempted to message them something like this:

“I guess you’re not interested since I haven’t heard from you,” or


I can’t blame you. Being ghosted stinks.

But take a second to imagine this: You get home and reach for your phone and it’s not in your pocket. You check your car, and it’s not there either. You search your bag, every room of your house: no phone. You spend the whole day panicked, looking for your phone, and finally hear back a day later that someone found it in the parking lot.